While the Book of Exodus was written, or put together, between 500 and 600 BC, the events in Exodus are said to have taken place between 1300 and 1200 BC. I strongly believe, that while the Exodus accounts may not be historically accurate, these stories still tell us something about God. For one, the Book of Exodus, more than any other book in the Old Testament, depicts more miracles of God. “God responds to and saves people who are suffering or oppressed” (82-83). God’s actions in Exodus include him testing, freeing, guiding, blessing, and speaking to Moses, Pharaoh, Aaron, and the people of Egypt. God establishes a Covenant with the Israelites and calls Moses to Egypt to free the Israelites and plea to the Pharaoh to free them. While God does plague Egypt with frogs, gnats, hail, locusts, darkness, and hail, to name a few, He tests the Pharaoh and the Pharaoh’s “hardening heart”. Finally, by entrusting Moses with His power, Moses parts the Red Sea and the Israelites escape the Egyptians. Verse 15 in Exodus is in a different literary form than usual, for it includes a song that Moses and Miriam sing. “Your right hand, O LORD, glorious in power—your right hand, O LORD, shattered the enemy” (15, 6). They praise God for rescuing the Israelites and in return, God provides for them. Despite historical accuracy, the many accounts in Exodus do tell us that God is divine, gracious, righteous, miraculous, a Servant to His people, and a Savior.
The Book of Exodus tells us that God’s desire is to expand His power and glory. For example, the Lord says to the Pharaoh, “For by now I could have put out my hand and struck you and your people with pestilence, and you would have been cut off from the earth. But this is why I have let you live: to show you my power, and to make my name resound through all the earth” (9,15-16). This shows the power of the Almighty God and his righteousness.
God tests Moses throughout Exodus, but He does exemplify his almighty power and that He is absolute, immutable, and eternal. God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM” (3.14). Interestingly enough, these simple five words have incredible meaning. By stating this to Moses, God is validating Himself, showing how He is an unchanging and eternal Being. Thus, He will be the same today as He is tomorrow and was yesterday.
Throughout Exodus, God proves His attention for details. God cares about the details and about the decisions people make. This validates that God wants to be a part of all aspects, and part of the lives of others. The book of Exodus tells us profound truths about the character of God and the character of man. Moses told the Israelites as they were escaping the Egyptians, “Do not be afraid, stand firm, and see the deliverance that the LORD will accomplish for you today…The LORD will fight for you, and you have only to keep still” (14,13-14). God proved to Moses His greatness, and thus, Moses trusted Him and spread the Word of God by showing his support and trust in Him.
I believe that by reading Exodus, one can actually feel that they know God. I know I did, at least. I learned that while God is not a simple being, He does fulfill His promises, just as He kept his promise to the Israelites to free them from slavery in Egypt and His promise to free the believers from sin. God also granted glory to all those who believed in Him and His Word. Regardless of historical accuracy, God is God and He is unchanging. The stories of Exodus only add to the greatness and marvel of the Lord. Through reading the accounts in Exodus, my knowledge that God is unchangeable and graceful, is affirmed even more.